Chapter 2 Water resources, Geography for class 10 - mbose syllabus

In this chapter 2 - 'Water Resources' of Geography we will be dealing with water conservation, integrated water resource management, and rainwater harvesting.

Chapter 2: Water Resources

Geography Class X MBOSE syllabus 2018

Rainwater harvesting
Drip Irrigation in Meghalaya | Water Resources Geography

We will also cover the usefulness and impact of the multipurpose river projects and different methods of rainwater harvesting.

TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS on Water Resources

Multiple Choice Questions

Q1. Water becomes a renewable and rechargeable resource due to which of the following reasons?
  1. Water table
  2. Hydrological cycle
  3. Oceans and Seas
  4. Surface runoff

Q2. Which of the following data shows the percentage of global precipitation that is received by India?
  1. 96.5 percent
  2. 30 percent
  3. 4 percent
  4. 2.5 percent


Q3. Which one of the following areas would you immediately associate with water scarcity?
  1. Desert of Rajasthan
  2. The Ganga Plains
  3. Hills of North Eastern India
  4. Coastal areas of Odisha


Q4. Which of the following is a reason for water scarcity in a region with sufficient water to meet the requirement of the people?
  1. Huge Population growth
  2. Less rainfall
  3. Power requirement
  4. Pollution


Q5. Which of the following environmental damages are not induced due to the multipurpose project?
  1. Waterborne disease and pest
  2. Pollution resulting from excessive use of water
  3. Earthquakes
  4. Volcanic activity


Q6. In which of the following areas are 'gul' and 'kuls' used to channel water to agriculture?
  1. Deccan Plateau
  2. Desert of Rajasthan
  3. Western Himalayas
  4. Ganga Plains


Q7. Due to which of the following reasons are rooftop rainwater harvesting commonly practiced, particularly in Rajasthan?
  1. To store water for irrigation
  2. To keep the house cool
  3. To store drinking water
  4. To clean the rooftop


Q8. Which of the following structures are known as 'tankas'?
  1. Underground tanks for storing rainwater harvested from rooftops for drinking purpose.
  2. Tanks constructed on rooftops for storing rainwater
  3. Tanks constructed in agricultural fields to store water
  4. Tanks constructed to store floodwater


Q9. In which of the following states is the bamboo-drip irrigation system prevalent?
  1. Rajasthan
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. West Bengal
  4. Meghalaya


Very Short Answer Type Questions

Q1. What do you understand by freshwater?
Ans. Water which is obtained from surface runoff and groundwater is termed as freshwater. Such water is continually renewed and recharged through the hydrological cycle.

Q2. Name the river on which the Sardar Sarovar Dam has been built.
Ans. Narmada

Q3. Name the river on which Nagarjuna Sagar Dam has been built.
Ans. River Krishna (Andra Pradesh)

Q4. How much of the global precipitation does India receive?
Ans. About 4 percent

Q5. List two major reason for water scarcity in India.
Ans. There are two major reasons which are responsible for water scarcity in India. They are

  1. Population growth which increases the demand for more water and 
  2. Unequal access to it.


Q6. What was the main purpose of launching the multi-purpose project in India after independence?
Ans. The main purpose of launching the multi-purpose project was to achieve self-reliance and improve the living standard of people.



Short Answer Type Questions

Q1. Why has the water shortage problem aggravated in post-independence India?
Q2. Why should we conserve and manage our water resources?
Q3. What are dams? Classify dams.
Q4. Why are dams now referred to as multipurpose projects?
Q5. State four harmful effects of large dams.


Long Answer Type Questions

Q1. In recent years, multipurpose project and large dams have under great scrutiny and opposition. Explain/
Q2. What are interstate water disputes? Why such issues are raised? Give examples of interstate water disputes. Suggest how can these be resolved?
Q3. Do you see rainwater harvesting as a way to solve drinking water problems in certain areas and replenish the ground? Explain your views.


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All Chapter of Geography for Class 10 as per the new syllabus of the Meghalaya Board of School Education, Tura

CHAPTER 1 RESOURCES
CHAPTER 2 WATER RESOURCES
CHAPTER 3 FOREST RESOURCES
CHAPTER 4 MINERALS AND ENERGY RESOURCES
CHAPTER 5 AGRICULTURE
CHAPTER 6 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
CHAPTER 7 LIFELINES OF NATIONAL ECONOMY
CHAPTER 8 MEGHALAYA: OVERVIEW
CHAPTER 9 PLANNING AHEAD: BY THE PEOPLE FOR THE PEOPLE

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