CH7 Lifelines of National Economy, Geography Class 10 - mbose syllabus

Chapter 7 "Lifelines of the National Economy" of Geography for Class 10 as per the MBOSE syllabus 2018 deals with all those activities that human use to travel and transport things from place to place.

Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy

Geography Class X MBOSE syllabus 2018

I divided the chapter into five different parts for the sake of the convenience of the readers.  The questions of each part are selected and placed in chronological order so that the readers get the sense of reading a book with a purpose. These five parts are -
1. General Introduction
2. Road ways
3. Railways
4. Other mode of transports
5. Communication

Lifeline of the National Economy part 1: General Introduction


Following questions can be asked from this part of the chapter.

  1. Why means of transport and communication are called the life lines of the economy?
  2. Define transport.
  3. Name any five means of transports
  4. Which two modes of transport are widely used in the North-Eastern states of India?

Multiple choice questions

1. The means for the movement of goods and services from their supply locations to demand locations can be termed as
(a) Capital
(b) Traders
(c) Transport system
(d) Power supply

Lifeline of the National Economy part 2:  Roadways

Road transport in Shillong
Road transport system in Shillong


  1. What is India aggregate network?
  2. Classify roads on the basis of materials used for construction.
  3. What are the different types of roads in India?
  4. Write a short note on the Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways.
  5. Name the northern, southern, eastern and westernmost stations of the Golden Quadrilateral.
  6. What are the National Highways? Who constructs and maintain them? What is the importance of national highways?
  7. What are state highways? Who construct and maintain the state highways?
  8. What are the district roads? Who maintain the district roads?
  9. What are the border roads? Who construct and maintain the border roads? Why are they strategically importance?
  10. What are importances (merits) of road transports?
  11. List five problems (or demerits) face by road transportation      [MBOSE, 2015]
  12. Why is road transport more useful than other means of transport? Give four reasons.

Fill in the blanks:

  1. India has one of the largest ________ in the world    
  2. India’s road network aggregate to about _____ 2.3 million km.     
  3. The total length of the Golden Quadrilateral superhighways is _____ km  
  4. The North-South corridor of the Golden Quadrilateral super highways links ________, Jammu and Kashmir and ______, Tamilnadu. 
  5. The East corridor the Golden Quadrilateral super highways links _______, Assam and ______, Gujarat.
  6. These were roads of ________ importance. 


  1. [road net work]
  2. [2.3 mn km]
  3. [5, 846]
  4. [Srinagar, Kanyakumri]
  5. [Silchar, Porbandar]
  6. (strategic)

Multiple choices:

1. Which of the following are the primary road systems of our country?
(a) National highways
(b) State highways
(c) District Roads
(d) Border Roads

2. The National Highway No. 1 is also known by which of the following names?
(a) Mahatma Gandhi Road
(b) Sher Shah Suri Road
(c) Red Road
(d) Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

3. The Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways links
(a) Delhi-Kolkata
(b) Kolkata Chennai
(c) Chennai-Mumbai
(d) All the four cities

4. Border Roads Organization builds
(a) National Highways
(b) Rural Roads
(c) State Highways
(d) Roads along the border

Lifeline of the National Economy part 3: Railways

  1. What are the importances of railways?
  2. What is a gauge in the context of Indian Railways? Name the three different gauges of railways in India.
  3. What are the challenges faced by the Indian Railways?
  4. Why is a dense network of railway transport found in Northern Plain?

Fill in the balnks:

  1. The Indian railway is the largest __________ sector undertaking in the country.
  2.  Indian railway has been divided into _______ zones.


  1. Public
  2. 17

Multiple Choices:

1. India has one of the largest network of the which one of the following mode of transport?
(a) Roadways
(b) Railways
(c) Waterways
(d) Pipelines

Lifeline of the National Economy part 4: Other means of transports: pipelines; waterways and airways

Shillong Airport   |  Lifelines of National Economy

  1. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of pipeline transportation.
  2. What are the advantages of waterways as a means of transport? Mention the names of three National Waterways in India.
  3. What is the length of India’s coast line? How many major seaports does India have? Name any four of them.
  4. Name the most expensive mode of transportation. Why is it best suited for inaccessible and remote areas?     [mbose, 2015]

Part 5: Communication, Trade, and tourism

  1. What is mass communication?
  2. What is meant by trade? 
  3. What the difference between international and local trade?

Multiple Choice questions:

With this facility, you can dial any place in India.
(a) IST
(b) STD
(c) PCO
(d) None of these


All Chapter of Geography for Class 10 as per the new syllabus of the Meghalaya Board of School Education, Tura



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